1. Bladder Cancer (Radical Cystectomy with Orthotopic Neobladder or Ileal Conduit):

    • For advanced bladder cancer, radical cystectomy involves the removal of the entire bladder. Following the removal, surgeons create either an orthotopic neobladder (a new bladder using a portion of the intestine) or an ileal conduit (redirecting urine to a stoma on the abdominal wall). This surgery aims to remove the cancer and maintain urinary function.

  2. Prostate Cancer (Radical Prostatectomy, Bilateral Pelvic Lymph Node Dissection):

    • Radical prostatectomy is a surgical procedure to remove the entire prostate gland in cases of prostate cancer. Bilateral pelvic lymph node dissection may be performed simultaneously to assess and remove potentially affected lymph nodes.

  3. Penis Cancer (Total Penectomy):

    • Total penectomy is a surgical procedure to remove the entire penis, typically performed in cases of advanced penile cancer. The goal is to eliminate the cancerous tissue and prevent further spread.

  4. Renal Cell Carcinoma (Radical & Partial Nephrectomy):

    • Radical nephrectomy involves the complete removal of the affected kidney in cases of renal cell carcinoma. Partial nephrectomy, on the other hand, involves removing only the cancerous part of the kidney while preserving the healthy tissue. These surgeries aim to treat kidney cancer while preserving kidney function when possible.

  5. Extracorporeal Shockwave Lithotripsy (ESWL):

    • ESWL is a non-invasive procedure used to break down kidney stones into smaller fragments using shockwaves. These smaller pieces can then be naturally passed out of the body through urine.

      Ultrasound-Guided ESWL:
    • This involves using ultrasound imaging to guide the placement of shockwaves during lithotripsy. It enhances the precision of stone targeting and helps minimize damage to surrounding tissues.

  6. Transrectal Ultrasound (TRUS) Evaluation and Intervention:

    • TRUS is a diagnostic procedure where a small ultrasound probe is inserted into the rectum to obtain detailed images of the prostate and surrounding structures. It is used for evaluating the prostate, guiding biopsies, and assisting in certain interventions.

      Ultrasound KUB and Prostate Evaluation:
    • Kidneys, Ureters, and Bladder (KUB) ultrasound is used to visualize these structures for the assessment of various conditions. Prostate evaluation with ultrasound is commonly done to assess the size and condition of the prostate gland.

      Transrectal Ultrasound (TRUS) Prostate Biopsy:
    • TRUS-guided prostate biopsy is a procedure where small tissue samples are taken from the prostate gland using a needle guided by ultrasound. This is commonly performed to diagnose or rule out prostate cancer.

      Ultrasound (USG) Evaluation of K.U.B:

    • Ultrasound evaluation of the Kidneys, Ureters, and Bladder (K.U.B) provides detailed images of these structures, aiding in the diagnosis and monitoring of various urological conditions.