Testicular Cancer 

A type of cancer that affects the testicles, which are part of the male reproductive system.

The testicles are responsible for producing testosterone and sperm.

Testicular cancer is rare, but it is most common in males between the ages of 15 and 35.

Symptoms of Testicular Cancer

The most common symptom is a lump or swelling in the testicle.

Other symptoms may include:

  • Pain in the groin or abdomen
  • Feeling of heaviness in the scrotum
  • Sudden collection of fluid in the scrotum

Causes and Risk Factors of Testicular Cancer

The exact cause of testicular cancer is unknown, but certain factors can increase the risk of developing it.

  • Age (men between the ages of 15 and 35)
  • Family history
  • Abnormal testicular development
  • Undescended testicle

Treatment Options for Testicular Cancer

Your doctor will perform a physical exam and some tests like ultrasound, blood tests, and a biopsy to confirm the diagnosis.

The most common treatment for testicular cancer is surgery to remove the affected testicle.

Other treatments may include:

  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation therapy
  • Hormone replacement therapy
  • Counseling for fertility issues

Lifestyle Changes to Reduce the Risk of Testicular Cancer

  • Maintain a healthy lifestyle
  • Avoid tobacco and excessive alcohol consumption
  • Protect the testicles from injury

Performing regular testicular self-exams can help with early detection. 

Myths and Facts About Testicular Cancer

Myth: Testicular cancer only affects older men.

Fact: It is most commonly diagnosed in younger men.

How to perform a testicular self-exam to protect from testicular cancer?

To perform a testicular self-exam, stand in front of a mirror and look for any swelling or changes in the size or shape of the testicles.  

Gently feel each testicle with your fingers for any lumps or irregularities.

It is recommended to perform a testicular self-exam once a month.

Can testicular cancer be cured?

Yes, testicular cancer can often be cured, especially if it is detected and treated early.

The cure rate for testicular cancer is high, with over 95% of men with early-stage testicular cancer being cured.